Electro Convulsive Therapy (ECT)
Electroconvulsive Therapy (ECT) is a safe and effective treatment for severe episodes of major depression, mania and some types of schizophrenia. It can often offer fast results for patients where other treatments (such as medications) have not helped. Although there is no guarantee with any treatment, ECT appears to be most effective in major depression, where up to 80% of patients report positive effects.
ECT uses a brief, controlled electrical current to produce a seizure within the brain. The seizure activity is believed to bring about certain biochemical changes that may cause symptoms to diminish or even disappear. A series of treatments, generally 6 to 12, at a rate of 3 per week, is required although sometimes a smaller or larger number may be necessary.